The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body, leaving it at risk for instability. Shoulder instability is very common, with the shoulder being the most commonly dislocated joint in the body. In addition to true dislocations, the shoulder can also be unstable without completely dislocating. This can cause discomfort especially with certain activities. The younger a patient is the first time a dislocation occurs, the more likely they are to have recurrent dislocations.
When shoulder instability requires surgery, it can usually be done arthroscopically with good results. Open surgical techniques may also be used, especially if someone has dislocated their shoulder after a previous surgery. Surgical stabilization of the shoulder can prevent recurrent instability as well as further joint damage from these episodes.
Arthroscopic Anterior Instability