The shoulder is a complex joint made up of three bones – the humerus, clavicle, and scapula. It is the most mobile joint in the body making it prone to injury.
Instability can be a problem in the shoulder as well as tears of the labrum, rotator cuff and biceps. Fortunately, with advanced arthroscopic techniques, almost all of these problems can be treated in a minimally invasive fashion with arthroscopy.
Arthritis is also common in the shoulder. Following the hip and knee, the shoulder is the next most commonly replaced joint. With modern techniques, shoulder replacement surgery is a reliable means to improve pain and function.
Knee problems are extremely common. These injuries range from sprains and anterior knee pain, to meniscus and ligament tears to arthritis. With the increase in activity in the population today knee injuries will only become more common.
Fortunately, as knee injuries become more common our understanding of these injuries and ability to treat them successfully continues to improve. From improved understanding of how musculoskeletal dynamics affect injury risk and prevention to using the latest minimally invasive techniques to treat surgical knee problems our knowledge and techniques continue to evolve.
The elbow joint is made up of three bones, the humerus, ulna, and radius. Several ligaments hold these bone together, and many tendons attach around the elbow. In addition, multiple nerves travel in close proximity to the elbow. The elbow is very important for function as it allows the hand reach where it needs to.
Several conditions can affect the elbow including overuse injuries, traumatic injuries, and nerve injuries. A thorough understanding of the anatomy and function of the elbow is important in treating these conditions successfully.